My research interests center on issues of international security governance, regional practices and organizations, social International Relations theory, and interpretive research methodologies and methods. I have field work experience at a number of regional IOs, having conducted interviews and archival work at the Organization for American States (Washington, DC), the ASEAN Secretariat (Jakarta, Indonesia), and the African Union Commission (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia).
My research has been published in the Routledge Security and Governance series and the European Journal of International Relations , and is forthcoming in the Journal of Global Security Studies. I am currently working on three related projects:
I. Habits of Peace: Practices of Regional Diplomacy
Book Project: My doctoral dissertation, now a book project, Habits of Peace: Long-Term Regional Cooperation in Southeast Asia and South America, asks: how can we understand long-term peace among illiberal states? I argue that regional practitioners think and act from established cognitive predispositions, and that their agency is circumscribed as a result.Regional cooperation – and patterns of ‘long peace’ – are the product of habituated practices. I rely on more than 90 interviews with diplomats across a number of regional organizations to posit the particular and perhaps unique diplomatic habits of distinct regional communities. I demonstrate the consequence of these practical aspects of regional cooperation through single and paired comparison case studies. This is a methodological point of departure from existing literatures that tend to rely on indirect official statements and single cases.
For an overview of the theory, methodology, and Southeast Asian case please see: Glas (2017), “Habits of Peace: Long-Term Regional Cooperation in Southeast Asia“ European Journal of International Relations Vol. 23(4): 833–856.
Three on-going projects extend this line of inquiry:
A. In the first, I expand my regional focus to the African Union. In, “African Union Security Culture in Practice: African Problems and African Solutions” (R&R March 2018), I apply my theoretical framework to examine the particularities of the AU ‘security culture’.
B. In the second, an article-in-progress entitled “People-Centrism in Regional Communities: Rhetorical Convergence in ASEAN and ECOWAS,” Emmanuel Balogun (Webster University) and I explore the turn to “people-centered” regional governance at both the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). We ask how these regional organizations, and the elite practitioners therein, perceive the need to reform in this way, how they understand this dynamic, and how this apparent reform manifests in practice.
C. The third, “Inside and Outside the ASEAN Way: Stigma and Practice in Southeast Asia,” remains a work in progress. A very early draft was presented at ISA 2018. Here, I explore intra-ASEAN stigmatization practices and how central ASEAN norms, e.g. non-intervention, are increasingly contested in practice within ASEAN.
II. Multilateral Practices and Global Governance
Along with Matthew J. Hoffmann (Toronto), Robert Denemark (Delaware), and Clifton van der Linden (Toronto), I am engaged in a project that explores the constitutive effects of the practice of multilateral treaty-making. Our forthcoming article, “Understanding Treaty-Making as a Constitutive Practice of Global Politics” (Journal of Global Security Studies, accepted March 2018), makes use of diplomatic history and social network analysis (SNA) to argue that multilateral treaty-making is a taken-for-granted practice of the international system is constitutive of both competent state actors and the international system itself.
This interest builds on my long-held interest in the structural features of the post-WWII global order. With John Kirton, I co-authored a short chapter in a wide-ranging undergraduate reader on security and governance in a changing global system, Debating a Post-American World (2012), part of the Routledge Security and Governance series. In our chapter “Global Governance from America, Canada and the Responsible Rest,” we explore the evolution of multilateral security governance in a shifting global order.
III. Interpretive Methods and Methodologies
I am also working on a research agenda that explicitly interrogates the interpretive and qualitative methods at the heart of my research. In particular, I am interested in the role of researchers in the production of knowledge and in exploring the role of power and positionality within all stages of the research process.
In a co-authored paper, “Towards Active Reflexivity: Positionality and Practice in the Production of Knowledge” (under review), with Jessica Soedirgo (Toronto) we explore these issues directly. I have presented on similar issues, including “Reflections and Reflexivity: Outsiders in Elite Interviews“ a paper presented at the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting. Philadelphia, PA. USA. September 2016, and “Habits and Multilateral Practice: Methodological Issues and Insights,” a presentation to The Methods Studio: An Advanced Workshop in Interpretive Methods Short Course at the American Political Science Association Annual Meeting in 2013.
I also teach qualitative and interpretive methods and methodologies, so please check out a recent syllabus!